Frequently Asked Questions
JADCO has compiled a listing of questions as a reference for individuals who want to learn about the organisation and anti-doping in general. If you have additional questions that are not covered in the FAQs, we can be contacted at 929-3500.
What is JADCO?
How is JADCO funded?
JADCO is funded by the Government of Jamaica.
How do I contact JADCO?
When can athletes be tested?
JADCO conducts In-Competition Testing (IC)
Testing conducted at least 12 hours before or during an event.
Out-of-Competition Testing (OOC)
Testing of an athlete while not competing and may be done anywhere, at anytime.
What kinds of testing does JADCO conduct?
- In-Competition Testing is done at the location of the event.
- Out-of-Competition Testing is done wherever the athlete is at the time.
Can a representative accompany an athlete when he or she is providing a sample?
An athlete has a right to be accompanied by a representative during the entire doping control process.
How often may an athlete be tested per year?
An athlete may be tested as often as JADCO feels it necessary, as long as it does not endanger the health of the athlete.
At what age do athletes come under the purview of JADCO?
All athletes who take part in a sport in Jamaica, regardless of their age, come under the jurisdiction of JADCO.
If there is a positive result - does JADCO convene a hearing?
If there is a positive result, the Independent Anti-Doping Disciplinary Panel will convene a hearing. The athlete has a right to a hearing where they present their defence with their legal team and expert witnesses. This panel is appointed by the Government of Jamaica, and is independent of JADCO.
Who sanctions athletes?
Sanctions are handed down by the Independent Anti-Doping Disciplinary Panel.
Can the ruling of the Disciplinary Panel be appealed?
All sanctions may be appealed. Cases involving International-Level athletes or athletes participating in international events may be appealed directly to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS). In cases involving other athletes, the decision must initially be appealed to the Anti-Doping Appeal Tribunal (ADAT). The Appeal Tribunal is appointed by the Government of Jamaica and is independent of JADCO. The decision of the Appeal Tribunal may be challenged only through the CAS in Switzerland.
Who pays for the appeal process?
The athlete pays all his/her defence costs; such as travel, legal fees and expert witnesses.
Who pays for the testing of samples?
JADCO pays for the testing of the sample.
Can a test result be queried by an athlete?
During the sample collection process, athletes provide both an A and a B sample. The A sample is first analysed. Athletes may appeal a positive result of the A sample and request the analysis of the B sample. Athletes have a right to be present or send a representative to the testing of the B sample.
What is the purpose of a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) certificate?
Athletes with legitimate medical conditions that may impede their performance may apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) certificate. This permits them to use a prohibited substance within the limits set by the approved TUE certficate.
What is the Registered Testing Pool?
A list of National and International athletes, who will be subjected to both In and Out-of-Competition testing, and are required to submit Whereabouts Information.
Who qualifies to be in the Registered Testing Pool?
- Athletes who compete at a national and/or international level.
- Athletes who compete in a sport with a higher doping risk.
- Athletes who are highly ranked in their sporting discipline.
How often must Whereabouts Information be provided?
Whereabouts Information must be provided on a quarterly basis at specific times. Information however, must be updated anytime there is a change.
How secure is the confidential information provided to JADCO?
Whereabouts Information provided to JADCO is placed directly into the WADA information database (ADAMS). The athlete is issued with a username and password. Only the athlete and the assigned JADCO officer will have access to this information.