The Jamaica Anti-Doping Commission (JADCO) is the agency mandated by the Jamaican Government to execute its National Anti-Doping Programme.
Frequently Asked Questions
JADCO has compiled a listing of questions as a reference for individuals who want to learn about the organisation and anti-doping in general. If you have additional questions that are not covered in the FAQs, we can be contacted at 929-3500.
Who is JADCO?
How is JADCO funded?
JADCO is funded by the Government of Jamaica.
How do I contact JADCO?
When can athletes be tested?
JADCO conducts In-Competition Testing (IC)
In-Competition is the period beginning at 11:59 p.m. on the day before the competition, through to the end of the competition.
Out-of-Competition Testing (OOC)
The testing of an athlete while not competing and may be done anywhere, at any time.
What kinds of tests does JADCO conduct?
Does an athlete have the right to a representative during the testing process?
An athlete has the right to be accompanied by a representative and/or interpreter during the sample collection session, except when the athlete is passing a urine sample.
How often may an athlete be tested per year?
JADCO is required by the International Standard for Testing and Investigations to conduct at least three (3) out-of-competition tests on athletes in its Registered Testing Pool per year. Additionally, JADCO is required to conduct out-of-competition testing on athletes in its LTP at least once per year.
NB: An athlete may be tested as often as JADCO feels it is necessary, as long as it does not endanger the health of the athlete.
At what age do athletes come under the purview of JADCO?
All athletes who take part in a sport in Jamaica, regardless of their age, come under the jurisdiction of JADCO.
If there is a positive result - does JADCO convene a hearing?
If there is a positive result, JADCO will gather evidence and refer the case to the Independent Anti-Doping Disciplinary Panel which will then convene a hearing. The athlete has a right to a hearing where they present their defence and their expert witnesses. This panel is appointed by the Government of Jamaica and is independent of JADCO.
Who sanctions athletes?
Sanctions are handed down by the Independent Anti-Doping Disciplinary Panel.
Can the ruling of the Disciplinary Panel be appealed?
All sanctions may be appealed. Cases involving international-level athletes or athletes participating in international events may be appealed directly to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS). In cases involving national athletes, the decision must initially be appealed to the Anti-Doping Appeal Tribunal (ADAT). The Appeal Tribunal is appointed by the Government of Jamaica and is independent of JADCO. The decision of the Appeal Tribunal may be challenged only through the CAS in Switzerland.
Who pays for the appeal process?
The athlete pays all his/her defence costs; such as travel, legal fees and expert witnesses.
Who pays for the analysis of samples?
JADCO pays for the A sample analysis. If the athlete chooses to request the analysis of his/her B sample, then this will be at a cost to the athlete.
Can a test result be queried by an athlete?
During the sample collection process, athletes provide both A and B sample. The A sample is first analysed. If the athletes A sample returns an Adverse Analytical Finding (AAF), the athlete may appeal the positive result of the A sample and request the analysis of the B sample. Athletes have a right to be present or send a representative to the testing of the B sample.
What is the purpose of a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) certificate?
A Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) Certificate allows an athlete to use a prohibited substance or prohibited method for the treatment of a legitimate medical condition. This permits them to use a prohibited substance or prohibited method within the limits set by the approved TUE certificate.
What is the Registered Testing Pool?
The Registered Testing Pool is the pool of highest-priority athletes established separately by each International Federation and National Anti-Doping Organisation who are subject to both in-competition and out-of-competition testing. Athletes in the Registered Testing Pool are required to submit whereabouts information.
Who qualifies to be in the Registered Testing Pool?
- Athletes who compete at the national and/or international level
- Athletes who compete in a sport with a higher doping risk
- Athletes who are highly ranked in their sporting discipline
How often must Whereabouts Information be provided?
Whereabouts Information must be provided on a quarterly basis and must be posted in the Anti-Doping Administration and Management System (ADAMS) by athletes in the Registered Testing Pool (RTP) and Lower Testing Pool (LTP) by the specified deadlines. Information however, must be updated anytime there is a change. Athletes in the Lower Testing Pool are not required to provide a 60-minute time slot in their whereabouts information.
How secure is the confidential information provided to JADCO?
Whereabouts Information provided to JADCO is placed directly into the WADA Anti-Doping Administration and Management System (ADAMS). The athlete is issued with a username and password. Only the athlete and the relevant Anti-Doping bodies will have access to this information.
What is the Lower Testing Pool?
The Lower Testing Pool (LTP) contains the pool of athletes established by JADCO at the national level from whom some whereabouts information is required in order to locate and test the athlete. At a minimum, the whereabouts information shall include an overnight address, competition schedule and regular training activities.
What is the Team Testing Pool?
The Team Testing Pool (TTP) includes national teams and the highest priority teams of certain sport identified by JADCO, who are subject to both in-competition and out-of-competition testing. All teams of National Associations/Federations who have been identified by JADCO for inclusion in the TTP are required to provide accurate whereabouts information on their current location prior to participating in an event. This whereabouts information must be submitted by a representative of the Association/ Federation.