The Government of Jamaica adopted the World Anti-Doping Programme and the World Anti-Doping Code on November 17, 2003. Following this, Jamaica became the 97th signatory state to the Copenhagen Declaration on Anti-Doping in Sport on February 10, 2004.
After this historic signing, an interim committee was created and the work of the anti-doping programme operated as a project under the Ministry of Sports. The primary responsibilities of the committee were to develop the anti-doping in sport policy framework and to ensure the finalisation of the drafting of the Anti-Doping in Sport Act.
On July 25 2008, the Government of Jamaica passed the Anti-Doping in Sport Act. The Act established four independent bodies: the Jamaica Anti-Doping Commission (JADCO), the JADCO Therapeutic Use Exemption Committee (TUEC), which was appointed by the Commissioners (now the Board of Directors), the Jamaica Anti-Doping Disciplinary Panel and the Jamaica Anti-Doping Appeals Tribunal, which were appointed by the Minister of Sport.
The Anti-Doping in Sport Act was revised in 2014, changing the names of the Disciplinary Panel and Appeals Tribunal to the Independent Anti-Doping Disciplinary Panel and the Anti-Doping Appeal Tribunal respectively.
The Jamaica Anti-Doping Commission (JADCO) was formally established in 2008 to execute the national anti-doping programme, in accordance with the standards stipulated by the international governing body, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). JADCO is responsible for ensuring that all athletes comply with the World Anti-Doping Code, which is the document that harmonises regulations regarding anti-doping across all sport and all countries of the world.
The main functions of JADCO include the deterrence of doping through communication and education initiatives, the detection of doping through testing activities and investigations and the enforcement of anti-doping rules, by presenting cases of possible Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs) to the Independent Anti-Doping Disciplinary Panel.
JADCO is funded by the Government of Jamaica and is governed by a Board of Directors, which is appointed by the Minister of Sport. The Board of Directors appoint an Executive Director, who oversees four divisions: Human Resource Management and Administration, Finance and Accounts,Technical Services and Communication and Education.